What are the treatment options for a lipid disorder?
A combination of medications and lifestyle changes is a common treatment plan to correct high cholesterol and triglycerides. Your doctor may also suggest certain supplements.
Several types of medications are used to treat lipid disorders.
Statins: These drugs block a substance created in your liver that produces cholesterol. Your liver then removes cholesterol from your blood. Statins can also absorb cholesterol trapped in your arteries. Commonly prescribed statins include:
- Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
- Fluvastatin (Lescol)
- Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
- Simvastatin (Zocor)
Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: These medications lower your cholesterol levels by limiting your body’s absorption of dietary cholesterol. They are sometimes used in combination with statins.
Bile acid sequestrants: These medications trap substances called bile resins, which contain cholesterol, and prevent them from being reabsorbed in your small intestine.
Fibrates: These medications help lower triglyceride levels in your blood.
Omega-3 fatty acids available over the counter are commonly used to lower triglycerides and LDL levels. Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats that are naturally found in fatty fish such as salmon. Plant oils such as canola and olive oil also contain omega-3 fatty acids.
Niacin increases the level of HDL production. Niacin is available over the counter or in prescription strength.
Following a healthy diet and getting enough exercise can help you reduce your cholesterol levels. These same steps can help prevent lipid disorders in the first place.