Lipid Disorders: Management & Treatment Menu

What are the treatment options for a lipid disorder?

A combination of medications and lifestyle changes is a common treatment plan to correct high cholesterol and triglycerides. Your doctor may also suggest certain supplements.

Medications

Several types of medications are used to treat lipid disorders.

Statins: These drugs block a substance created in your liver that produces cholesterol. Your liver then removes cholesterol from your blood. Statins can also absorb cholesterol trapped in your arteries. Commonly prescribed statins include:

  • Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
  • Fluvastatin (Lescol)
  • Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
  • Simvastatin (Zocor)
  • Pravastatin

Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: These medications lower your cholesterol levels by limiting your body’s absorption of dietary cholesterol. They are sometimes used in combination with statins.

Bile acid sequestrants: These medications trap substances called bile resins, which contain cholesterol, and prevent them from being reabsorbed in your small intestine.

Fibrates: These medications help lower triglyceride levels in your blood.

Supplements

Omega-3 fatty acids available over the counter are commonly used to lower triglycerides and LDL levels. Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats that are naturally found in fatty fish such as salmon. Plant oils such as canola and olive oil also contain omega-3 fatty acids.

Niacin increases the level of HDL production. Niacin is available over the counter or in prescription strength.

Lifestyle changes

Following a healthy diet and getting enough exercise can help you reduce your cholesterol levels. These same steps can help prevent lipid disorders in the first place.

Vascular Health Clinics News & More