Types of vascular screening
Screening for vascular disease is done through painless ultrasound. Typical screening tests include:
- Carotid ultrasound: Measures blockages in the two main arteries to the brain. This test is recommended for people with high blood pressure and can be vital in diagnosing stroke risk.
- Aortic ultrasound: Measures the size of the aorta, a major artery located in the stomach area. This test is vital in diagnosing an abdominal aortic aneurysm and recommended for people 65 and older, particularly those who have ever smoked.
- Ankle brachial index (ABI): Measures blood pressure using cuffs on the arms and above the ankles to diagnose peripheral artery disease (PAD); a hardening of the arteries that can lead to various vascular related health issues.