Stroke Prevention Treatment Program: Diagnosis & Tests Menu

How is it diagnosed?

Diagnosis is made by combination of physical examination, report of symptoms, and diagnostic testing. Unfortunately, the first sign of this disease may be a stroke or warning signs called a mini-stroke or TIA. These symptoms usually last for a few minutes or up to an hour before going away, whereas stroke symptoms will not subside quickly. Someone experiencing these symptoms should call 911 right away or have someone take them to the ER:

  • Weakness, numbness, or tingling on one side of the body, often in an arm or a leg
  • Paralysis or loss of coordination on one side of the body
  • Drooping on one side of the face or by the mouth
  • Blindness or change in vision in one eye
  • Loss of balance
  • Loss of speech or garbled, slurred speech, difficulty using tongue
  • Inability to write or understand writing
  • Memory loss or confusion
  • Loss of consciousness or “black out”

Tests to confirm diagnosis include:

  • Carotid artery duplex ultrasound
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
  • Computed tomography scan (CT)
  • Angiogram or arteriogram
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This information is provided by Vascular Health Clinics and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for advice about a specific medical condition.

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