What causes the need for toe surgery?
There are many kinds of toe problems requiring surgery. These include removal of:
- Bunions: An enlargement of the bone and tissue around the joint of the big toe
- Hammertoes: Which are frequently caused by an imbalance in the tendon or joints of the toes
- Neuromas: An irritation of a nerve between the third and fourth toes
- Bone spurs: An overgrowth of bone under the toenail plate, causing nail deformity and pain
A neuroma is an abnormality of a nerve that has been damaged either by trauma or as a result of an abnormality of the foot. Neuromas most often in the ball of the foot, causing a pinched and inflamed nerve.
During neuroma procedures, an incision is made on the top of the foot in the location of the neuroma, usually between the second and third toes or between the third and fourth toes. After the nerve is located, the surgeon cuts and removes it.