Bone and Joint Infections: Prevention Menu

How Can I Prevent Bone and Joint Infections?

Prevention of both bone and joint infections is centered on the underlying causes and their risk factors.

For extrinsic risks:

  • Avoiding intravenous drug abuse is self-evident, as is avoidance of high-risk behaviors that invite trauma or sexually transmitted infections

For inherent risks:

  • Fractures require thorough irrigation, debridement, and prophylactic antibotics, along with fracture fixation and stabilization 
  • Diabetes. Strict glycemic control and frequent neurologic assessments for pin-prick sensitivity, pressure ulcers, or vascular compromise. Probing for bone can identify osteomyelitis while it is acute, before becoming chronic
  • Sepsis and bacteremia unrelated to bone or joint health call for aggressive treatment, along with scrupulous surveillance for any of the hallmarks of bone and joint involvement developing as a complication–tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling
  • Sickle cell anemia has many problems, with vascular compromise of bone only one of them. Besides a hematologist, an infectious disease and orthopedic specialist should be part of the prevention team
  • Rheumatoid disease patients should include heightened surveillance for bone and joint infections by patients’ immunologists/rheumatologists

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This information is provided by Vascular Health Clinics and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for advice about a specific medical condition.

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