Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome
The four classic elements of the metabolic syndrome–obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia–don’t “strike” a patient suddenly. They increase to unacceptable levels insidiously, even over years. Therefore, the best strategy to treat the metabolic syndrome is to prevent it.
Obesity is often a life-long problem for a person. The entire concept of an “ideal body weight” may be an unreasonable goal that makes one give up, only to reengage toward a commitment later, followed by repeated failure. Such loss-and-gain tactics make successive attempts even more difficult.
When the amount of weight one carries is unhealthy, the best prevention is to make efforts to attack it correctly in the beginning, via consultation with a dietitian/nutritionist. Setting reasonable goals will best ensure the success of any diet.
Physical exercise is a crucial co-star in the approach to losing weight. Fitness is important, even when one reaches an deal body weight. Physical exercise also is important in discouraging the mental setbacks to diet, such as depression and anxiety.
For Type 1 diabetics, prevention of hyperglycemia is a full-time obligation. For those with Type 2 DM, hyperglycemia begins insidiously, which can damage blood vessels even before the diagnosis is made. Because of this, persons should consider their family history associated with all of the components of the metabolic syndrome and begin preventative measures before becoming afflicted likewise.
Again, the classic diet-exercise approach, important in obesity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia, is the approach to non-invasive prevention of hypertension. Genetics may deem anti-hypertensive medications necessary eventually, but that can be pushed back considerably by diet and exercise before hypertension actually develops.
Prevention requires a sensibility of one’s own risk, which can be assessed simply by looking to family. Over half of dyslipidemia is genetic, so recognizing one’s risk by appreciating one’s family history can prompt a diet and exercise program before obesity or hyperglycemia develop. Not only is this the best approach to preventing dyslipidemia, but it should be the life-long approach for all persons.