What is lipidemia?
Lipidemia, technically, is the presence of lipids in the blood. The term dyslipidemia is used to describe abnormalities in lipids, primarily cholesterol and triglycerides.
Hypercholeseterolemia is often a genetic disease within families (“familial hypercholesterolemia”) in which there is reduced clearance of LDL-C.
Types of Dyslipidemia
Is is a simplistic notion that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is the “good” cholesterol and that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is the “bad” cholesterol. Clinical relevance in cardiovascular disease, however, follows these motifs in that low amounts of “good” HDL-C and high amounts of “bad” LDL-C, with elevations above normal of triglycerides, or in a combination of these, create increased risk for premature coronary heart disease, the most common form of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
The values determined by testing lipids in a “lipid profile” usually measures the following:
- Total cholesterol
- LDL cholesterol
- HDL cholesterol
- Non-HDL cholesterol (total cholesterol minus HDL-C)
- Triglycerides (not cholesterol, but another type of fat)
Lipid profiles are done to determine the the risk of developing the complications of cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease and neurological stroke.
Connection with Diabetes
Those with diabetes already have a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Poor glycemic control is associated with elevations in triglycerides and LDL-C levels.